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TODAY IN COMIC BOOK HISTORY15515

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October 10

Writer Len Wein and artists Dick Dillin and Dick Giordano craft the DC portion of a metafictional unofficial crossover spanning titles from both DC Comics and Marvel Comics starting in Justice League of America #103 (October 10, 1972). Each comic featured writers Steve Englehart, Gerry Conway, and Len Wein, as well as Wein’s first wife Glynis, interacting with Marvel or DC characters at the Rutland Halloween Parade in Rutland, Vermont. Beginning in Amazing Adventures #16 (by Englehart with art by Bob Brown and Frank McLaughlin), the story continued in Justice League of America #103 (by Wein, Dillin and Giordano), and concluded in Thor #207 (by Conway and penciler John Buscema). Though released in 1972, the Marvel chapters appear with 1973 cover dates.


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October 11

Wendell Vaughn graduated from S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy. Although considered highly capable by his superiors, they nonetheless deem him unfit for field work, sensing that Vaughn lacked the necessary “killer instinct"—the will to win at all costs. His first assignment is security detail for a research facility where a team of scientists were performing experiments on the Quantum Bands taken from the deceased Crusader. Vaughn dons the bands when the criminal scientists AIM launch a full-scale assault on the facility. Using the bands’ power to generate solid energy constructs, he repulses the attack. When the energy buildup begins to overwhelm him, he decides to simply relax and "go with the flow”. To his surprise, the buildup abruptly dissipates. Vaughn realizes the key to wielding the bands is a flexible will, rather than an indomitable, uncompromising one. Ultimately, his lack of a killer instinct makes all the difference. Wendell Vaughn becomes a superhero, using the codename Marvel Boy in his first appearance in Captain America #217 (October 11, 1977). He later becomes Marvel Man, and finally settles on Quasar. Quasar journeys to Uranus, where the original Marvel Boy had received the bands. The bands’ true nature and origins are revealed to him by the cosmic entity called Eon. Eon explains the bands were intended to be worn by his agent, the Protector of the Universe. Quasar is offered the role and, as a result, his mind is opened to the true extent of the bands’ power, including how to use the bands to teleport via a dimension called the Quantum Zone.



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October 12

Ava, the fifth White Tiger, is the sister of Hector Ayala and a student enrolled in the Avengers Academy. She inherited the White Tiger amulet from her brother following the death of him and his family members at the hands of Gideon Mace. When wearing them, her physical strength, speed, stamina, agility, dexterity, reflexes and reactions, coordination, balance, and endurance are enhanced to slightly superhuman levels. Ava states the White Tiger is a family legacy that she intends to honor. She first appeared in Avengers Academy #20 (October 12, 2011).


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October 13

Brian Braddock was a shy and studious youth, living a relatively quiet life and spending a lot of time with his parents and siblings. After the death of his parents, Brian takes a fellowship at Darkmoor nuclear research centre. When the facility is attacked, Brian tries to find help by escaping on his motorcycle. Although he crashes his bike in a nearly fatal accident, Merlyn and his daughter, the Omniversal Guardian, Roma, appear to the badly injured Brian. They give him the chance to be a superhero by offering a choice: the Amulet of Right or the Sword of Might. Considering himself to be no warrior and unsuited for the challenge, he rejects the Sword and chooses the Amulet. This choice transforms Brian Braddock into Captain Britain. He first appeared in Captain Britain Weekly #1 (October 13, 1976). It is later revealed that Braddock is only one member of a much larger, inter-dimensional corps of mystical protectors. As his career as a superhero begins, Brian fights as the champion of Great Britain, often clashing with S.T.R.I.K.E. and Welsh anti-superhero police officer Dai Thomas, and would develop a rogues gallery including the assassin Slaymaster and the crime matriarch Vixen. He tried to keep his studies going and court fellow student Courtney Ross while also working as a superhero, and his secret identity was often viewed as a coward by others because he always vanished whenever trouble started.


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October 14

The Invaders team first appeared in flashback stories set during World War II in The Avengers #71 (October 14, 1969), and comprised existing characters from Timely Comics. Originally, Captain America (Steve Rogers), his sidekick Bucky (James Barnes), the original android Human Torch (“Jim Hammond”), the Torch’s sidekick Toro (Thomas Raymond) and Namor the Sub-Mariner were together as heroes opposing the forces of Nazism. When these superheroes saved the life of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill from Master Man, the thankful Churchill suggested that they should become a team, known as the Invaders. The Invaders fought the Axis powers over the world until eventually finding themselves in England, where they met Lord James Montgomery Falsworth, the original Union Jack. He joined the team and provided them with a base of operations in England. Eventually, Falsworth’s children Brian (Union Jack) and Jacqueline (Spitfire) became members. The team later added Miss America (Madeline Joyce) and super-speedster the Whizzer (Bob Frank), during a battle with the Super-Axis. Later, against the threat of the Battle-Axis, the team was assisted by the Blazing Skull and the Silver Scorpion.


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October 15

Little Nemo in Slumberland featured the young Nemo who dreamed himself into wondrous predicaments from which he awoke in bed in the last panel. The first episode begins with a command from King Morpheus of Slumberland to a minion to collect Nemo. Nemo was to be the playmate of Slumberland’s Princess. He was accompanied by a green, cigar-chewing clown named Flip who was determined to disturb Nemo’s sleep with a top hat emblazoned with the words “Wake Up”. Nemo and Flip are joined by an African Imp whom Flip finds in the Candy Islands. The group travels far and wide, from shanty towns to Mars, to Jack Frost’s palace, to the bizarre architecture and distorted funhouse-mirror illusions of Befuddle Hall. Little Nemo in Slumberland debuted on the last page of the Sunday comics section of The New York Herald on October 15, 1905.


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TURNING POINTS by Maggie Thompson

Here’s the latest installment of Maggie Thompson’s ongoing look at important beginnings, middles, and ends, this time for October 15-21, 2021...

125 years ago October 18, 1896 The American Humorist is introduced by Publisher William Randolph Hearst as a section of the New York Journal. “Eight full pages of color that make the kaleidoscope pale with envy” include The Yellow Kid by Richard Outcault (under the title McFadden’s Row of Flats).

115 years ago October 20, 1906 Crockett Johnson is born as David Leisk. The cartoonist creates, writes, and draws the Barnaby newspaper strip but is probably better known for his children’s book series featuring “Harold and the Purple Crayon.”

115 years ago October 21, 1906 Hairbreadth Harry begins. Charles Williams Kahles’ strip is syndicated by The Philadelphia Press.

110 years ago October 18, 1911 The Flemish children’s comic book Het Mannekensblad begins.

105 years ago October 17, 1916 Cartoonist Virgil Partch is born. Often signing his work as “VIP,” he creates the Big George and The Captain’s Gig comic strips and writes New Yorker gags.

100 years ago October 15, 1921 Prolific Golden Age artist Bob Fujitani is born. He co-creates Doctor Solar.

100 years ago October 20, 1921 Writer-artist Bob Gregory is born. He’s known for his work on Disney comic books, as well as Hanna-Barbera, Warners, and Walter Lantz comics.

95 years ago October 16, 1926 Treasure Chest and Marvel artist-inker Joe Sinnott is born. He’s especially known for work on the Spider-Man comic strip and Fantastic Four comic books.

90 years ago October 16, 1931 Tess Trueheart’s father is [Spoiler!] murdered in Chester Gould’s Dick Tracy comic strip – which, Wiki says, is “the first instance of a cold blooded murder appearing uncensored in a comic strip.”

90 years ago October 19, 1931 Judge Dredd letterer Tom Frame is born.

80 years ago October 16, 1941 Milton Caniff’s Terry and the Pirates newspaper strip features [Spoiler!] the death of Raven Sherman.

80 years ago October 17, 1941 [Spoiler continues! OK, that’s enough with the Spoilers, already.] Terry Lee and Dude Hennick bury Raven Sherman in Terry and the Pirates.

75 years ago October 21, 1946 Lena the Hyena’s face (drawn by Basil Wolverton) is revealed in Al Capp’s Li’l Abner.

65 years ago October 20, 1956 Writer-artist Jim Engel is born. He creates Dick Duck, Duck Dick.

65 years ago October 21, 1956 Fan, writer, historian, and editor Paul Levitz is born. He’s DC’s president from 2002 to 2009.

60 years ago October 16, 1961 Mort Walker and Jerry Dumas’ Sam’s Strip begins.

60 years ago October 19, 1961 Artist and animator Mike Manley is born. He co-creates Marvel’s Darkhawk (with Tom DeFalco) and edits Draw! magazine.

35 years ago October 15, 1986 American Splendor’s Harvey Pekar makes his first appearance on Late Night with David Letterman.

30 years ago October 16, 1991 Dutch artist Henricus Kannegieter dies at age 93. Lambiek calls him “one of the most productive artists of Dutch newspaper comics in the 1930s.”

30 years ago October 18, 1991 Dark Horse announces it is acquiring the trademark and copyright for Nexus so as to return ownership to co-creators Mike Baron and Steve Rude.

30 years ago October 21, 1991 The Wall Street Journal announces the first first quarter Marvel results (from September 30) after its listing on the American Stock Exchange: $38,300,000 revenues; net income $6,700,000.

20 years ago October 16, 2001 Smallville begins on The WB, featuring Tom Welling as a young Clark Kent, Michael Rosenbaum as a young Lex Luthor, and Kristin Kreuk as Lana Lang.

15 years ago October 18, 2006 Animator, cartoonist, illustrator, writer, and inventor Don Christensen dies at age 90. (He was also well known as “Don Arr.”)

15 years ago October 20, 2006 Swiss artist Pascal Habegger (who worked as “Ab’Aigre”) dies at age 57.

15 years ago October 20, 2006 Underground comix artist R.K. Sloane dies from complications of advanced lung cancer at age 57.

15 years ago October 21, 2006 Award-winning Dutch writer Paul Biegel dies at age 81.

5 years ago October 20, 2016 New Yorker cartoonist Robert Weber dies at age 92.
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October 16

Katherine Anne “Kitty” Pryde is a mutant, possessing a “phasing” ability that allows her, as well as objects or people she is in contact with, to become intangible. This power also disrupts any electrical field she passes through, and lets her simulate levitation. The youngest person to join the X-Men, Kitty received her first codename, Sprite, from Storm. Professor X also suggested the codename Ariel, which Kitty adopted for a short time prior to becoming Shadowcat. Kitty Pryde first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #129 (October 16,1979). Early in her career as an X-Man, Kitty’s adult self from an alternate future took possession of her body in the present to help X-Men thwart the assassination of Senator Robert Kelly by the second Brotherhood of Evil Mutants. During her teen years, Kitty fostered a number of close relationships with others at the school and in the X-Men. She developed a crush on Colossus and became close friends with his little sister Illyana Rasputin. Initially uneasy around Nightcrawler and other mutants with physical deformities, Kitty finally overcame her fears and became close friends with him. Kitty also befriended Lockheed, a highly intelligent alien resembling a dragon, who followed her home after a mission in outer space. Lockheed is extremely loyal to Kitty, and the two of them share a psychic bond.Wolverine became something of a mentor to Kitty despite his usually gruff personality. Storm came to view Kitty as the daughter she never had.


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October 17

Mariah Dillard was the leader of a gang of New York criminals called the Rat Pack. Their primary source of criminal activity was using a stolen ambulance to pick up the bodies of the recently deceased, and then stealing whatever valuables they had on their person. During one of these thefts, a widow of one of the victims hired Power Man to find her husband’s body. Power Man finds the hideout of Black Mariah. This led to a clash between Mariah and her men against Power Man. Power Man defeated Mariah and her cohorts and turned them over to the police. Black Mariah first appeared in Luke Cage, Hero for Hire #5 (October 17, 1972).


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October 18

A native of the planet Colu, Pulsar Stargrave originally claimed to be the father of Brainiac 5. According to Pulsar’s own account, he was a scientist whose ship’s life support failed during an expedition; he put himself into suspended animation hoping for rescue. He was found by alien explorers, but believed dead, so his body was sent into a nearby star just as it went supernova, merging with his body and giving him the ability to harness and control stellar energy. Later, Pulsar Stargrave was revealed to be the original Brainiac, who had fled from Superman into the future. Stargrave is an extremely powerful figure. In his quest for galactic conquest, he manipulated Brainiac 5 in a complicated scheme to frame Ultra Boy for murder and to cause Brainiac 5 to go insane as a result. Stargrave debuted in Superboy #223 (October 18, 1976).


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October 19

Dreadstar was the first comic-book series published by publisher Epic Comics, an imprint of Marvel Comics. Dreadstar #1 was first available on October 19, 1982. It was centered on Vanth Dreadstar, sole survivor of the entire Milky Way galaxy, and an ensemble cast of crewmates, including cyborg sorcerer Syzygy Darklock, the cybernetic telepath Willow, and freebooter Skeevo, and their struggle to end an ancient war between two powerful, evil empires: The Church of The Instrumentality, run by the Lord Papal; and the Monarchy, administered by a puppet king. Dreadstar takes the side of the Monarchy against the evil Lord High Papal of the Instrumentality, but his team end up becoming fugitives when the Monarchy falls, and go to great lengths to try to uncover a traitor in their midst.


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October 20

George “Digger” Harkness was raised in an Australian town called Korumburra in poverty, during which time he developed great skill in making boomerangs, and in using them as weapons. As a young adult, he was hired as a performer and boomerang promoter by a toy company which was, unbeknownst to him, owned by his biological father. It was at this time that he developed the Captain Boomerang persona that he would continue to use in his later criminal career. As he began committing crimes he threw suspicion off of himself by briefly pretending another man was impersonating him, showing his ‘parents’, to the Flash after the Flash caught him next to a crime scene. He nearly succeeded in killing the Flash after knocking him out with a boomerang, then tying him to a giant boomerang that he fired, which then got sent into space and then fell into the ocean. However, the Flash was able to escape from his friction-proof bonds by quickly vibrating his molecules. He also increased the boomerang’s velocity so much he was able to use it to defeat and jail Harkness and the two crooks. Digger Harkness first appears in The Flash #117 (October 20, 1960).


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October 21

In 1938 Los Angeles, Cliff Secord, a local racing pilot and barnstormer, discovers a mysterious package hidden by two gangsters, who were fleeing the police. In that package, Cliff finds a stolen rocket backpack prototype. The Rocketeer first appeared in cameo in Starslayer #1 (October 21, 1982) but his first adventure appeared as a backup feature in issues #2 and #3. His adventures are set in Los Angeles and New York in 1938, and often have a retro, nostalgic feel. From murderous treasure-hunters and marauding sky-pirates to ancient Egyptian magicians and haunted mad scientists, the Rocketeer solves crimes and fights evil in these unique and exciting tales of jet-pack action and pin-up romance.


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TURNING POINTS by Maggie Thompson

Here’s the latest installment of Maggie Thompson’s ongoing look at important beginnings, middles, and ends, this time for October 22-28, 2021...

125 years ago October 25, 1896 Some have called the Outcault episode “The Yellow Kid and His Phonograph” the beginning of the modern American comic strip, since it uses speech balloons and a sequential narrative.

110 years ago October 23, 1911 Danish animator and artist Frederik Bramming is born. He is especially known for his drawings of Christmas elves.

100 years ago October 24, 1921 Indian artist R.K. Laxman is born. He was best known for The Common Man and You Said It.

100 years ago October 24, 1921 Artist John Johns is born. He is house cartoonist and caricaturist for The Pittsburgh Press.

100 years ago October 25, 1921 Golden and Silver Age cartoonist Al Hartley is born. His work includes stories for Patsy Walker, Archie comics, and Spire Christian Comics.

95 years ago October 24, 1926 New Yorker cartoonist Ed Fisher is born.

90 years ago October 22, 1931 In Chester Gould’s Dick Tracy strip, Police Chief Brandon hires Tracy as a member of the plainclothes detective squad.

90 years ago October 26, 1931 Writer-artist-editor Larry Lieber is born. Stan Lee’s brother scripts the first appearances of Iron Man and Thor and draws the Spider-Man comic strip.

85 years ago October 25, 1936 The last episode of The Smythes by Rea Irvin appears in the New York Herald Tribune.

85 years ago October 28, 1936 Chic Young’s Blondie features Dagwood Bumstead taking his first nap in the strip.

80 years ago October 22, 1941 French artist Louis Markous dies at age 62.

80 years ago October 23, 1941 Walt Disney’s Dumbo opens. The title character (a young elephant) has no spoken dialogue. It is said to be (at $813,000) the least expensive of Disney’s animated features and grossed more than $2.5 million in its first release.

80 years ago October 25, 1941 Colorist and underground cartoonist Michele Wrightson is born (as Michele Robinson).

75 years ago October 24, 1946 Russian artist Dmitry Moor dies at age 62.

75 years ago October 27, 1946 The Batman and Robin Sunday newspaper strip ends.

70 years ago October 22, 1951 Pulitzer Prize-winning political cartoonist Tom Toles is born.

65 years ago October 24, 1956 Jules Feiffer’s Sick, Sick, Sick begins in The Village Voice.

55 years ago October 24, 1966 Rebel Studios writer-artist-editor Scott Alexander Frantz is born.

55 years ago October 27, 1966 It’s the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown airs on CBS-TV. It’s the third Peanuts special by Bill Melendez.

50 years ago October 22, 1971 The Fantask comics shop opens in Copenhagen; it will (says Wiki) become the oldest Danish comics shop in the world.

50 years ago October 25, 1971 Cartoonist, screenwriter, director, and Terrytoons producer Paul Terry dies at age 84.

45 years ago October 23, 1976 Actor and producer Ryan Reynolds is born. He plays DC character Hal Jordan in Green Lantern and Marvel characters Hannibal King (in Blade: Trinity) and Wade Williams/Deadpool (in Deadpool and Deadpool 2 and X-Men Origins: Wolverine). And he’s Nick in R.I.P.D., based on the Dark Horse miniseries. Oh, and he voices Detective Pikachu in Pokémon Detective Pikachu.

35 years ago October 22, 1986 British writer-artist Bert Hill dies at age 84. The Provincial Comics and Target Publications artist contributes to the Denis Gifford-edited Comic Cuts newsletter of The Association of Comics Enthusiasts.

30 years ago October 22, 1991 Long-time “Ducks comics” writer-artist Carl Barks receives the Disney Legends Award.

30 years ago October 23, 1991 Italian artist Antonio Canale dies at age 76. He worked for publishers in several countries including St. John in the USA.

30 years ago October 24, 1991 Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry dies of heart failure at age 70.

30 years ago October 24, 1991 Marvel ships Wild Agents of Marvel membership packets to the 24,000 members of its new fan club.

15 years ago October 24, 2006 Italian artist Dino Leonetti dies at age 69. He founded Dino Leonetti Studios.

5 years ago October 22, 2016 British artist-editor Steve Dillon dies at age 54 from complications of a ruptured appendix. He was especially known for his work with writer Garth Ennis on Hellblazer and Preacher.

5 years ago October 23, 2016 Writer-artist-publisher Jack Chick dies at age 92. He created the so-called “Chick Tracts.”

5 years ago October 27, 2016 Dutch artist Ton Beek dies at age 90. He worked for Toonder Studios, Dutch Hanna-Barbera comics, and children’s and advertising comics.
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October 22

Dolphin was a very young girl when she fell overboard from a cruise ship only to be saved from drowning when a mysterious alien race abducted her to use as an experimental prototype for a subaquatic humanoid race. In the course of these experiments she acquired gills, webbed fingers and toes, shining white hair, superhuman strength, resilience to deep water pressures, and a slowed aging process. When the alien scientists abandoned the experiment, Dolphin escaped their underwater lab. As she grew into young womanhood, she became tired of living an isolated, lonely life. One day, the crew of an oceanology vessel saved her from a near lethal encounter with a dolphin-killing shark and took her aboard their ship to help her. Over time, the crew of the ship tried to educate and care for the girl they’d dubbed “Dolphin”, but her utter lack of contact with either humans or Atlanteans had left her mute. She debuted in Showcase #79 (October 22, 1968).


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October 23

Born October 23, 1920, Bob Montana knew he wanted to be a cartoonist from the age of seven. He received his childhood schooling backstage in theater dressing rooms, where he also learned about comedy and humor writing. He spent his school summers in Meredith, New Hampshire, where his father raised vegetables and operated a restaurant. Montana practiced his cartooning by drawing caricatures of the restaurant’s customers. He kept diaries of local events and news stories, illustrating the diary pages with his cartoons. The students and faculty of Haverhill High later inspired the leading characters in the Archie cast. While freelancing at True and Fox Comics, Montana created an adventure strip about four teenage boys and tried to sell it without success. Then he started working for MLJ comics where later he was asked to work up a high school style comic strip story. At the age of 21, he created Archie, drawn from his own high school experiences.


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October 24

Gohan is introduced in Dragon Ball chapter #196 (published in Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine on October 24, 1988) as the four-year-old son of Goku. Gohan’s story begins following his abduction by the extraterrestrial Saiyan named Raditz, who is also his uncle. While Goku is pinned to the ground, Gohan’s extreme distress explodes with the release of his dormant power, which allows him to injure Raditz. Piccolo then takes Gohan away following the fight and Goku’s death, and trains him for the upcoming battle against the two other Saiyans, Vegeta and Nappa, though Piccolo is aware that training the son of his greatest enemy will be a risk. His tutelage under Piccolo forms a deep bond between the two characters, with Piccolo ultimately sacrificing himself to save Gohan during their fight with Nappa.


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October 25

Hippolyta first appeared in All Star Comics #8 (October 25, 1941). Hippolyta and the Amazons once resided in “Amazonia” in the days of ancient Greece, until they were beguiled and bested by the demi-god Hercules, who had been inspired by the God of War Ares, now named Mars, to go after her. She was able to beat him thanks to the magic girdle, but he seduced her, and tricked her into removing the girdle, allowing him to steal it. This caused them to lose their super strength and favor of their patron goddess, Aphrodite. Eventually she and the other Amazons were forgiven, but had to wear bracelets to remind them of the folly of submitting to men. For the most part, Hippolyta remained on Paradise Island during the Golden Age era, rarely interacting with the modern world to which her daughter, Diana, had journeyed. Her role was that of the Amazon Queen and mentor to Wonder Woman.


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October 26

Created in “the throes of ‘60s and '70s counterculture,” and frequently political in nature, Doonesbury features characters representing a range of affiliations, but the cartoon is noted for a liberal viewpoint. The name “Doonesbury” is a combination of the word doone (prep school slang for someone who is clueless, inattentive, or careless) and the surname of Charles Pillsbury, Doonesbury creator Garry Trudeau’s roommate at Yale University. Doonesbury proper debuted as a daily strip in twenty-eight newspapers on October 26, 1970. Doonesbury became known for its social and political commentary. Doonesbury has a large group of recurring characters, with 24 currently listed at the strip’s website. As of the mid-2010s, it is currently syndicated in approximately 1,400 newspapers worldwide. In May 1975, Doonesbury became the first daily comic strip to win a Pulitzer Prize, taking the award for Editorial Cartooning.


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October 27

Abigail Brand is the commanding officer of S.W.O.R.D., a S.H.I.E.L.D. offshoot that deals with defending the Earth from extraterrestrial threats. Brand’s green hair is her natural color, inherited from her green-furred extraterrestrial father. Neither her father’s name nor species have been revealed. Her tongue has the ability to change shape in order to make sounds in alien languages that humans are unable to make. When an alien by the name of Ord came to Earth, convinced that a mutant was destined to destroy his planet, Brand intervened in order to avoid an interplanetary war. Brand acquiesced to Ord’s plan to avert the destruction of his world by allowing him to create a ‘cure’ for the mutant 'condition’. Furthermore, statements made by Ord suggest that neutralizing Earth’s mutant population may have been just one step in an as-yet unrevealed plan. After her involvement in this plan became known to the X-Men and to then-S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury, Brand faced a board of inquiry to answer charges against her conduct. She defended her actions on the grounds that averting interplanetary warfare was a responsibility so great as to justify courses of action that would otherwise be considered immoral or illegal. This defense seems to have convinced the board as she was subsequently still in command of S.W.O.R.D. Abigail Brand was introduced fully in Astonishing X-Men #6 (October 27, 2004).


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October 28

Agatha Harkness was first introduced as Franklin Richards’ governess in Fantastic Four #94 (October 27, 1969). She easily fended off the Frightful Four when they came to abduct Franklin Richards, and admitted to the Fantastic Four that she is a witch. Through the actions of Nicholas Scratch, her son, she was revealed as being a member of the previously unknown New Salem, Colorado, colony of witches, of whom she had been the leader. Scratch had taken control of the town and had persuaded its inhabitants that Agatha had betrayed the community’s secrets by working for the Fantastic Four. She was abducted and taken back to the community with Franklin so that she might be put on trial. The Fantastic Four followed and came into conflict with Salem’s Seven, Agatha’s grandchildren fathered by Scratch. The Fantastic Four defeated them and freed Agatha. In the process, Scratch’s evil was revealed to the community of New Salem and he was banished to another dimension.


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October 29

Star Sapphire first appeared in All-Flash Comics #32 (October 29, 1947). This Star Sapphire claims to be a queen from the 7th Dimension, and attempts to conquer Earth by destroying all the plant life, which would cause the world to run out of oxygen. A later retcon connected her with the Zamaron Star Sapphires, explaining that she had been chosen as Queen of the Zamarons, but had proved unworthy, hence her banishment to the 7th dimension. In this story, she attempts to manipulate Carol Ferris into using the Star Sapphire stone to destroy the Zamarons. As Star Sapphire, Carol battles Green Lantern for many years, because the Zamarons want to prove men are inferior. When she is first defeated by him they take away her memory of the event, but the persona keeps resurfacing. When Hal Jordan becomes the Spectre, he removes the Star Sapphire persona from Ferris.


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TURNING POINTS by Maggie Thompson




Here’s the latest installment of Maggie Thompson’s ongoing look at important beginnings, middles, and ends, this time for October 29 through November 4, 2021...

170 years ago November 3, 1851 French artist Auguste Vimar is born.

140 years ago October 29, 1881 The U.S. satirical magazine Judge begins. It often features cartoons.

115 years ago October 30, 1906 Sam Parker is born. The radio announcer and voice artist voices (and is the Rotoscoping reference for) Gulliver in the animated Gulliver’s Travels (1939).

110 years ago October 29, 1911 Newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer dies at age 64. He launched Sunday comics and was a force in the rise of the comics industry.

110 years ago October 31, 1911 Robert E. Brook’s Officer Crust begins.

105 years ago November 3, 1916 Artist Harry Lampert is born. The co-creator of The Flash and cartoonist of Droopy Field Mosquito founds the Lampert advertising agency.

105 years ago November 4, 1916 Prolific Dutch writer-artist Lo Hartog van Banda is born. He works for Marten Toonder, especially on the Tom Poes comic.

100 years ago October 29, 1921 Pulitzer Prize-winning political and World War II cartoonist Bill Mauldin is born.

100 years ago October 31, 1921 Italian artist Antonio Terenghi is born. He creates such characters as Pedrito el Drito.

95 years ago October 30, 1926 Dutch artist J.H. Koeleman Jr. is born.

95 years ago November 1, 1926 Writer-artist Hilary Knight is born. Although he is best known for illustrations for Kay Thompson’s Eloise series, his Where’s Wallace? (1964) is clearly an influence on (the later) “Where’s Waldo” projects.

95 years ago November 2, 1926 Howard Post is born. The animator, writer, editor, artist, teacher, and cartoonist is a Golden and Silver Age comic book artist and writer. He creates Anthro for DC, works for Harvey on Spooky and Hot Stuff, and creates the Dropouts comic strip.

90 years ago October 29, 1931 Gilbert Gascard is born. The French artist known as “Tibet” creates Chick Bill and Ric Hochet.

85 years ago October 29, 1936 The E.C. Segar Thimble Theatre comic strip introduces Poopdeck Pappy, when Popeye finds his long-missing father.

75 years ago November 2, 1946 The Batman and Robin daily newspaper strip ends.

70 years ago October 30, 1951 Artist-writer P. Craig Russell is born. His work includes adaptations of operas and Oscar Wilde tales into comics format, and he draws “Ramadan” for Neil Gaiman’s Sandman series and stories from Norse mythology with Gaiman in the Dark Horse Norse Mythology series.

70 years ago November 2, 1951 The British comics magazine Girl begins.

70 years ago November 2, 1951 Award-winning comics historian Bill Schelly is born.

65 years ago November 1, 1956 The Belgian comics magazine Risque-Tout ends.

60 years ago November 2, 1961 Writer-cartoonist James Thurber dies of pneumonia complications at age 66. He was especially known for his contributions to The New Yorker.

60 years ago November 3, 1961 Artist Tom Grindberg is born. His work includes Batman stories for DC and Spider-Man tales for Marvel.

55 years ago November 3, 1966 Artist Carlos Kastro is born.

45 years ago November 1, 1976 DC’s Direct Currents Hotline begins with a weekly phone message that provides company information. It will quickly become overwhelmed and be discontinued.

40 years ago November 2, 1981 Ailing writer-artist-editor Wallace Wood commits suicide at age 54. Best known for his work for E.C., he also pioneered independent comics publishing with his Witzend magazine.

35 years ago November 1, 1986 Voice artist Paul Frees dies of heart failure at age 66. His voices include Boris Badenov, Burgermeister Meisterburger, and the Haunted Mansion greeter.

35 years ago November 3, 1986 The Middletons by Ralph Dunagin and Dana Summers begins.

35 years ago November 3, 1986 Tom Batiuk’s Funky Winkerbean begins a teen pregnancy storyline that runs November 3-December 8.

30 years ago November 3, 1991 “A Midsummer’s Night’s Dream” by Neil Gaiman and Charles Vess in The Sandman #19 (September 1990) wins the World Fantasy Award for short story. It is disputed whether comics should be eligible in the category.

20 years ago November 2, 2001 Pixar’s Monsters, Inc. opens in general release. (The premiere was October 28.) It eventually takes in more than $577 million worldwide.

10 years ago October 31, 2011 British writer, artist, editor, and publisher Mick Anglo dies at age 95. The creator of Wonderman founded Gower Studios and created imitations of Fawcett’s Captain Marvel characters with Marvelman, Young Marvelman, and Marvelman Family.

5 years ago November 1, 2016 Canadian comedian and writer Dave Broadfoot dies at age 90. He created the character Sgt. Renfrew of the RCMP and scripted the comic strip (drawn by Olga Urbansky) based on the character.

5 years ago November 1, 2016 Portuguese artist Carlos Alberto Santos dies at age 83.

5 years ago November 3, 2016 Collectibles dealer Phil Levine dies at age 70.

5 years ago November 4, 2016 British artist John Gillatt dies at age 87. The work of the longtime artist for IPC/Fleetway included the Billy’s Boots strip, written by Fred Baker.

And here are the anniversaries spanning the month of November…

85 years ago November 1936 The first masked hero in U.S. comic books is introduced simultaneously in Funny Pages #6 (the first issue) and Funny Picture Stories #1 (ditto), both from Comics Magazine Company, Inc. The Clock is written and drawn by George E. Brenner.

80 years ago November 1941 Hillman introduces a new series with its Air Fighters Comics #1, featuring a variety of, well, air fighters not long before America enters World War II. It’ll be a year before #2 – at which point, all the characters in #1 will have been dropped and a new roster introduced. So you don’t have to remember Black Commander, Tex Trainor, Crash Davis, or the rest.

80 years ago November 1941 DC’s More Fun Comics #73 introduces Green Arrow and Speedy (and their Arrowplane) in a story by Mort Weisinger and George Papp. And, hey, Weisinger is busy, because he and Paul Norris introduce Aquaman in the same issue.

80 years ago November 1941 Wait, what? Mort Weisinger is on a roll, here! In DC’s Action Comics #42, he introduces The Vigilante in a story drawn by Mort Meskin.

80 years ago November 1941 World’s Greatest Comics’ Scoop Comics #1 introduces Master Key, Rocketman, and Rocketgirl. Master Key is a wealthy playboy with superpowers (x-ray and flashlight eyes and night vision) who dresses up to fight the bad guys. The Rocket duo (drawn by Al Plastino) wear jetpacks and fly around to fight a different bunch of bad guys. They are not related to the futuristic jetpacked Buck Rogers, introduced to comics more than a decade earlier, nor to the non-jetpacked Bulletman and Bulletgirl, introduced by Fawcett earlier, who fly because of their helmets.

80 years ago November 1941 On the cover of Archie’s Zip Comics #20, Steel Sterling says, “I’m sure proud to welcome you to Zip Comics, Black Jack!” Courteously, his buddy replies, “And I’m proud to be in the book with you.” Aw. The story is drawn by Al Camy.

80 years ago November 1941 Marvel’s USA Comics #2 introduces Captain Terror in “The Fiends of the Seas,” drawn by Mike Suchorsky.

75 years ago November 1946 Marvel’s Terry-Toons Comics #50 introduce magpies Heckle and Jeckle to comic books. They were in the Terrytoons’ “The Talking Magpies” and “The Uninvited Pests” earlier that year.

70 years ago November 1951 Famous Funnies kicks off the series Buster Crabbe featuring him as “your favorite television cowboy star.” (When Lev Gleason eventually takes over the license, it will focus on three genres of stories featuring the star: Western, jungle, and science fiction.)

70 years ago November 1951 Charlton kicks off a long running series with Hot Rods and Racing Cars #1. It features “Indianapolis 500 Mile Race,” “The Hot Rod Story,” “Sport Cars and Road Races,” “Soap Box Derby,” and “Adventures of Speed Davis and Buster Camshaft.” Not a big collector’s item in the comics world, it focuses on aspects of car collecting and actual racing events and shows up in collections of some automotive fans.

70 years ago November 1951 Those terrible, terrible Beagle Boys! It’s their first appearance, and the Carl Barks tale (uncredited to that master) occurs in Dell’s Walt Disney’s Comics and Stories #134 (which also displays Uncle Scrooge’s money bin).

70 years ago November 1951 Marvel’s Combat Kelly #1 introduces (right you are!) Combat Kelly. “From the bloody inferno of Korea come the two-fisted exploits of Combat Kelly!”

65 years ago November 1956 “The Hand of Doom!” Eek! The first issue of DC’s House of Secrets sets it up as a Code approved fantasy anthology title.

65 years ago November 1956 Quality’s Plastic Man #64 is the series’ last issue. It reprints stories from earlier issues.

60 years ago November 1961 Well, here you go. Welcome to the Silver Age, Marvel superheroes! Fantastic Four #1 introduces Human Torch, Invisible Girl, Mr. Fantastic, The Thing, and (oh, yeah) Mole Man. “The Fantastic Four!” is by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.

60 years ago November 1961 Archie’s Tales Calculated to Drive You Bats #1 is a new humor title with a monster aspect. Yeah, that title is pretty flagrant, considering that the cover of the first issue of Mad nearly a decade earlier read, “Tales calculated to drive you Mad.” Which publication will have a longer run, do you suppose?

60 years ago November 1961 Dell’s Thirteen “Going on Eighteen” #1 kicks off John Stanley’s comedy of teens featuring Val, Evie, Billy, and Judy.

55 years ago November 1966 “If any one can show just cause why Barry Allen and Iris West should not be wed, let him now speak or forever hold his peace!” In “One Bridegroom Too Many!” by John Broome, Carmine Infantino, and Joe Giella in DC’s The Flash #165, Barry Allen marries Iris West.

55 years ago November 1966 In Charlton’s Fightin’ Five #40, “Introducing: The Peacemaker” introduces, well, yes, Peacemaker. The story is by Joe Gill and Pat Boyette.

55 years ago November 1966 Charlton’s Captain Atom #83 introduces Ted Kord as Blue Beetle in a story by Steve Ditko and Gary Friedrich.

55 years ago November 1966 Marvel’s Thor #134 introduces not only both High Evolutionary and a bunch of Wundagore stuff but also, in the “Tales of Asgard” back-up, Fafnir. The stories are by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, and Vince Colletta.

55 years ago November 1966 “It’s a catastrophe for Superman when he’s bewitched by Batman’s feline foe.” (Har!) In DC’s Superman’s Girlfriend, Lois Lane #70, Catwoman enters the Silver Age in a story by Leo Dorfman and Kurt Schaffenberger. (By the way, the story features guest cameos by Lady Bird, Linda Bird, and Luci Baines Johnson. Just saying.)

55 years ago November 1966 The T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agent (briefly) receives his own title, when Tower Comics publishes NoMan #1.

55 years ago November 1966 DC brings Plastic Man into his own Silver Age title with Plastic Man #1. “The Dirty Devices of Dr. Dome” is by Arnold Drake and Gil Kane.

55 years ago November 1966 Marvel’s The Amazing Spider-Man finally lets us look at Mary Jane Watson in #42. “The Birth of a Super-Hero!” is by Stan Lee and John Romita.

50 years ago November 1971 Marvel raises its prices on some comics from 15¢ to 25¢ and page count from 36 to 52. (Spoiler: It doesn’t last. After all, who would pay 25¢ for a comic book?)

50 years ago November 1971 Marvel Spotlight #1 introduces Red Wolf in a story by Gardner Fox, Syd Shores, and Wally Wood. (Hey! It’s only 15¢! What’s up with that? Oh, well, just wait until the next issue. It’ll have a higher price – and a different kind of wolf.)

50 years ago November 1971 DC ends DC Special with #15. Well, for a while, anyway.

45 years ago November 1976 Marvel cancels a bunch of titles. Last issues are: Amazing Adventures #6, Chamber of Chills #25, Jungle Action #24, Marvel Feature #7, and Skull the Slayer #8.

45 years ago November 1976 It’s “Smashing out of the TV screen – Your Saturday morning favorites – the Super Friends.” The first issue of the DC series features “The Fury of the Super Foes” by E. Nelson Bridwell, Ric Estrada, Joe Orlando, and Vince Colletta.

45 years ago November 1976 DC provides a comic book version of the TV series Welcome Back, Kotter. “So Long, Kotter!” in #1 is by Elliot Maggin, Jack Sparling, and Bob Oksner.

45 years ago November 1976 DC’s Tarzan Family #66 (“3 thrilling adventures! 3 deadly worlds!”) is the last. The stories in the “giant” issue feature Edgar Rice Burroughs’ characters John Carter, Tarzan, Korak, and David Innes.

45 years ago November 1976 A bunch more Eternals are introduced in Marvel’s The Eternals #5. “Olympia” by Jack Kirby and Mike Royer introduces Makkari, Domo, Thena, and Zuras.

45 years ago November 1976 The previous issue only showed his shadow. Marvel’s The Amazing Spider-Man #162 lets readers get a look at Jigsaw. However, they may be more focused on the gettogether of Spidey, Nightcrawler, and Punisher. “Let The Punisher Fit the Crime!” is by Len Wein, Ross Andru, and Mike Esposito.

40 years ago November 1981 Captain Victory and the Galactic Rangers #1 is one of the first titles from Pacific Comics. “New – Exciting – Original!” stories are by Jack Kirby and Mike Royer.

40 years ago November 1981 Marvel cancels the reprint title Marvel Super Action with #37, which reprints The Avengers #76.

40 years ago November 1981 Did you know that Stick is Matt Murdock’s old teacher? Well, OK, that isn’t revealed until Marvel’s Daredevil #176. “Hunters” is by Frank Miller and Klaus Janson.

40 years ago November 1981 DC announces the start of a royalty system for writers and artists, retroactive to comics published in July: The creative team receives a royalty of 4% of the cover price on titles selling more than 100,000 copies.

35 years ago November 1986 Destroy!! is an oversized one-shot from Eclipse. “The loudest comic book in the universe!!” carries a warning to parents: “This Comic book is exactly what you think it is: 32 pages of meaningless, overblown violence, mayhem and destruction! (Plus one Naughty Word).” (You may know Scott McCloud today primarily from his scholarly Understanding Comics in 1993. But he had understanding to convey before that.)

35 years ago November 1986 Hey! Marvel has a bunch more New Universe titles to release! Grab up those first issues of D.P. 7, Justice, Kickers, Inc., Mark Hazzard: Merc, Nightmask, and Psi-Force!

35 years ago November 1986 John Walker is introduced as Super Patriot in Marvel’s Captain America #323. “Super-Patriot Is Here” is by Mark Gruenwald, Paul Neary, and John Beatty.

35 years ago November 1986 DC’s “Epic of the Century,” the six-part Legends, begins. “Once upon a Time…!” is by John Ostrander, Len Wein, John Byrne, and Karl Kesel.

30 years ago November 1991 “Introducing Weapon Omega!” Marvel’s Alpha Flight #102 says, “You’re not gonna believe the man behind the mask!” So no Spoilers here. “El Equipo Primero!” is by Scott Lobdell, Tom Morgan, and Chris Ivy.

30 years ago November 1991 Acclaim/Valiant’s Solar, Man of the Atom #3 introduces Toyo Harada and the Harbinger Foundation in “Reality Check” by Jim Shooter, Don Perlin, Barry Windsor-Smith, Bob Layton, and Tom Ryder.

30 years ago November 1991 Marvel brings TV’s The Pirates of Dark Water to comics. The first story, “Quest,” is by Dwight Jon Zimmerman, Kelly Ward, Mark Young, Flint Dille, and Bruce Zick.

30 years ago November 1991 The cover of Marvel’s The Uncanny X-Men #282 reads, “His name is Bishop.” So it is. Hi, Bishop! (Hi also to Malcolm and Randall.) “Payback” is by Whilce Portacio, John Byrne, and Art Thibert.

30 years ago November 1991 Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy #18 introduces Talon. “Punished” is by Jim Valentino and Steve Montano.

25 years ago November 1996 The first issue of Tim Truman’s The Black Lamb is released under DC’s Helix imprint.

25 years ago November 1996 Marvel revamps some old series with new first issues: Avengers, Captain America, Fantastic Four, and Iron Man.

25 years ago November 1996 Marvel kicks off a bunch of Star Trek related titles: Star Trek Unlimited; Star Trek: Deep Space Nine; and Star Trek: Voyager.

20 years ago November 2001 Jessica Jones is introduced in Marvel’s Alias #1, released under its “Max” imprint. The story (“explicit content”) is by Brian Michael Bendis and Michael Gaydos and features Luke Cage, Captain America, and (yes) Jessica Jones.

20 years ago November 2001 The first issue of Marvel’s Wolverine: The Origin miniseries is “The Hill” by Paul Jenkins, Bill Jemas, Joe Quesada, and Andy Kubert.

20 years ago November 2001 CrossGen’s Ruse #1 introduces Simon Archard, Emma Bishop, and Miranda Cross. The story is by Mark Waid, Jackson “Butch” Guice, and Mike Perkins.

15 years ago November 2006 It’s not the first Harvey Pekar American Splendor series, but this one from DC’s Vertigo begins with a cover in which a caller from The Oprah Winfrey Show says to Harvey, “We understand you can complain on any subject.”

15 years ago November 2006 DC/WildStorm’s Wetworks #1 features the first part of “The Blood-Red Game” by Mike Carey, Whilce Portacio, and Trevor Scott.

15 years ago November 2006 Marvel’s X-Men: First Class begins with “X-Men 101,” in which Bobby writes a letter home. The story is by Jeff Parker, Roger Cruz, and Victor Olazaba.

15 years ago November 2006 Marvel’s Stan Lee Meets Spider-Man #1 (and only) kicks off a series of “Stan Lee Meets” one-shots running from November through January. Contributors to this issue are Lee, Olivier Coipel, Mark Morales, Joss Whedon, Michael Gaydos, Fred Hembeck, John Romita, and Jim Mooney.

10 years ago November 2011 A bunch of DC begin-agains provides first issues of Action Comics, All Star Western, Animal Man, Aquaman, Batgirl, Batman, etc. in “The New 52.” Collect them all!

10 years ago November 2011 Dorothy & the Wizard in Oz #1 kicks off Eric Shanower and Skottie Young’s adaptation for Marvel of L. Frank Baum’s fourth Oz novel.

5 years ago November 2016 Abstract Studio’s Motor Girl by Terry Moore begins.

5 years ago November 2016 IDW kicks off Donald Quest #1 (carrying a Disney Comics imprint), featuring the realm of Feudarnia. “Hammer of Magic” is by Stefano Ambrosio, Pat McGreal, Carol McGreal, and Andrea Freccero.

5 years ago November 2016 Archie restarts Josie and the Pussycats with a story by Marguerite Bennett, Cameron Deordio, and Audrey Mok.

5 years ago November 2016 Yep, DC has had several Doom Patrol series. Here’s the start of another one. “Happy Birthday, Casey Brinke Brick by Brick” is by Gerard Way and Nick Derington.

5 years ago November 2016 DC’s Everafter: From the Pages of Fables begins. “The Show Me State” is by Dave Justus, Matthew Sturges, and Travis Moore.

5 years ago November 2016 Valiant’s Harbinger Renegade begins with variant covers – and contents by Rafer Roberts, Raúl Allén, Patricia Martin, Juan José Ryp, Darick Robertson, and Richard Clark.

5 years ago November 2016 Raven moves to San Francisco and attends a new school in DC’s Raven #1 by Marv Wolfman and Alisson Borges.
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October 30

Appearing for the first time in The Amazing Spider-Man #129 (October 30,1973), the Punisher, Frank Castle, was initially an antagonist. He is portrayed as a bloodthirsty vigilante who has no qualms about killing gangsters, something that most superheroes of the time refrain from doing. J. Jonah Jameson describes him as “the most newsworthy thing to happen to New York since Boss Tweed”. The Punisher is shown as an athletic fighter, a master marksman, and an able strategist. All he reveals about himself is that he is a former U.S. Marine. He has a fierce temper but also shows signs of considerable frustration over his self-appointed role of killer vigilante. The Punisher has a Kevlar uniform which protects him from most gunfire, though he can still suffer concussive injury or penetration from sufficient or repeated impacts. The bright white skull in his chest is used both to intimidate his enemies and to lure their fire to the more heavily protected area of his armor. Shortly after a tour in Vietnam, Castle, his wife, Maria and their children were in New York’s Central Park for an afternoon picnic when they witnessed a Mafia gangland execution; an informant had been hanged from a tree. Seeking to eliminate all witnesses, the Costa crime family murdered them on the spot, inadvertently leaving Castle alive. He decided that the only punishment criminals might receive is that of physical destruction. Shortly thereafter, he emblazoned his body armor with a symbol of a death’s head, and exacted his revenge. Since then he has waged a one-man war upon crime, taking the name Punisher.


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October 31

After reaching the age of nine, Tim Drake deduces the identities of Batman and Robin as Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson after witnessing a gymnastic move by Robin that Grayson displayed while performing with the Flying Graysons. Inspired by the heroes, Tim trains himself in martial arts, acrobatic, detective works, in addition excel in scholastic to better himself in both physically and intellectually. When Tim reaches the age of thirteen, he notes that Batman has grown reckless and violent following the murder of second Robin by the Joker, Drake decided to intervene and Batman eventually enlisted him as the third Robin. Tim Drake first appeared as Robin in Batman #442 (October 31, 1989). Before joining Batman as the third Robin, Tim Drake was given a modern redesign of the Robin costume and sent to train abroad with numerous masters, refining his already skilled martial arts. Robin would eventually go on to co-star with other teenage superheroes in Young Justice and Teen Titans. After the murder of his father at the hands of Captain Boomerang, Drake is formally adopted by Bruce Wayne.


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November 1

Aric of Dacia was a man in a barbarian society which was at war with the Romans. He first appeared in X-O Manowar #1 (November 1, 1991). While he was away from his village one night, Aric was abducted by a malevolent race known as the Spider-Aliens, a race which controlled a vast star empire. Aric encountered one man known as Map-Giver who showed Aric a way of escape via the Spider-Aliens’ most powerful weapon, the X-O Manowar armor, a sentient suit of armor which could decimate legions of its user’s enemies. The path to the armor was carved into Aric’s hand. When the Spider Aliens returned to Earth, Aric’s prison was disrupted by an attack from a being known as Solar. Aric quickly made his way to the X-O Manowar Armor and bonded with it, quickly escaping the ship. Upon returning to Earth, Aric learns that a thousand years has passed since his abduction, although it has merely seemed like months to him. From an early age Aric was skilled in combat both unarmed and with any weapon. Aric retains his barbaric fighting skills even after learning how to control the X-O. The armor enhances Aric’s strength, as well as gives him the ability to create lightening constructs, energy blasts, power absorption, regeneration and flight.


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November 2

27-year-old Alix Harrower is married to Lance, a research scientist who has developed a thin metal skin that can bond with collagen, turning tissue indestructibly hard. When this “smartskin” is applied to a living being the subject becomes endowed with superhuman strength. Lance dreams of using it on himself, modeling a superhero career after the WWII superheroes Bulletman and Bulletgirl. But upon testing it on himself, he begins to suffocate. When he touches Alix, the smartskin bonds to her. Rushed to the hospital, she is saved thanks to medics gaining access to bare skin covered by her wedding ring. Lance was not wearing his, and dies of asphyxiation. After using her newfound powers to saves passengers of a train wreck, she decides to live up to take the name Bulleteer. Bulleteer first appeared in Seven Soldiers: The Bulleteer #1 (November 2, 2005).


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November 3

An Irish mutant, Sean Cassidy possesses a “sonic scream”, capable of harming enemies’auditory systems and causing physical vibrations. He is named Banshee after a legendary ghost from Irish mythology, said to possess a powerful cry. A former Interpol agent and NYPD police officer, Banshee was always a decade older than most of the X-Men and had only a relatively short tenure as a full-time X-Man. He first appeared in X-Men #28 (November 3,1966) as an adversary to the X-Men under coercion, but soon befriended the team. Banshee is a mutant whose superhumanly powerful lungs, throat, and vocal cords can produce a sonic scream for various effects, in concert with limited, reflexive psionic powers which direct his sonic vibrations. He can hover or fly at the speed of sound, and can carry at least one passenger.


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November 4

In early 1977, Frank Price, head of Universal Television, offered producer and writer Kenneth Johnson a deal to develop a TV show based on any of several characters they had licensed from the Marvel Comics library. Johnson turned down the offer at first, but then, while reading the Victor Hugo novel Les Misérables he became inspired and began working to develop the Hulk comic into a TV show. In the TV series, Dr. David Banner, a widowed physician and scientist, who is presumed dead, travels across America under assumed names, and finds himself in positions where he helps others in need despite his terrible secret: in times of extreme anger or stress, he transforms into a huge, incredibly strong green creature, who has been named “The Hulk”. The Incredible Hulk began with a two-hour pilot movie, establishing the Hulk’s origins, first airing on November 4, 1977. Since its debut, The Incredible Hulk series has garnered a worldwide fan base.


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